Records for useful commands in bioinformatics analysis

The post collects my daily used commands or scripts in bioinformatics analysis especially focusing on next generation sequencing.

File format transfer

#####Bed to GTF or Gff

I usually use this online tool, bedToGtf.

Still, there are several ways to do this which I have not tested.

java -Xmx1000m -jar <path_to_scripture>/scripture_alpha2.jar -task toGFF -cufflinks -in your_file.bed -source SCRIPTURE -out your_file.gtf
  • bedToGenePred
bedToGenePred input.bed stdout | genePredToGtf file stdin output.gtf
  • one-line script
awk '{print $1"\t"$7"\t"$8"\t"($2+1)"\t"$3"\t"$5"\t"$6"\t"$9"\t"(substr($0, index($0,$10)))}' foo.bed > bed.gtf # one easy command to generate gtf
Gtf to bed
# (< a file) simply means read in the file
$ gtf2bed < foo.gtf | sort-bed - > foo.bed 
 $ perl input.gtf > output.bed 
  • If you want to get the 5’UTR, CDS, 3’UTR, start-codon and stop codon separately, I recommend use my own script and Please see detailed usage for this script in parseGTF. gtf-file >sorted.gtf-file sorted.gtf-file chrom-sizes-file >gtf.bed
gtfToGenePred mm9.gtf stdout | genePredToBed stdin mm9.bed12

Sequence extraction

  • Extract FATSA sequence for gtf file
gffread -w output.fa -g gename_assembl.fa refgene.gtf -i genome.fa -b "bed1,bed2..."
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